Cleophon was an Athenian demagogue. He was the son of the lesser known general Cleippides. He was already a public figure by 416 B.C. and was the most prominent demagogue after the democracy had been restored, following the oligarchic coup in 411 B.C..

He introduced a payment of two obols a day to any citizen not otherwise recieving public funds. He was an opponent of Critias and Alcibiades. He was opposed to peace with Sparta, both in 410 B.C. after the victory at Cyzicus, and after the crushing defeat of Athens in 405 B.C. at Aegospotami. He was eliminated in 404 B.C., on a charge of treason, allowing a peace treaty to be organised by Theramenes.

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