United States Government organization created to provide work to unemployed Americans and build/repair civil projects around the country. (April, 1933 to June, 1942)



"I propose to create a Civilian Conservation Corps to be used in simple work...more important, however, than the material gains will be the moral and spiritual value of such work."

-- President Franklin D. Roosevelt
March 9, 1933



Part of FDR's New Deal (or "Alphabet Soup", according to opponents) program, the Emergency Conservation Work (ECW) Act established the Civilian Conservation Corps. The CCC was originally designed to overcome effects of the Great Depression, the CCC provided employment for over 3 million people in the 1930s and 1940s. Most of this work was unskilled manual labor -- digging, fixing, cleaning -- but the jobs undertaken by the program helped the USA recover from economic and social crisis.

The CCC was folded into the US Armed Forces in 1942 after it was deemed unnecessary by the Senate budgeting committees. However, many of the young men who grew up working for the CCC later became the soldiers who helped the US win World War II. General George C. Marshall credited the CCC with helping to train them.

Some of the projects credited to the CCC:

To understand the scale of the work done by the CCC, in the 9 year span participants built:

References:
The National Association of CCC Alumni website (http://www.cccalumni.org/)
The National Park Service webpage (http://www.nps.gov/)
Memory
Various Blue Ridge Parkway and TVA tours and brochures.

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