Chim"ney, n.; pl. Chimneys (#). [F. chemin'ee, LL. caminata, fr. L. caminus furnace, fireplace, Gr. furnace, oven.]

1.

A fireplace or hearth.

[Obs.]

Sir W. Raleigh.

2.

That part of a building which contains the smoke flues; esp. an upright tube or flue of brick or stone, in most cases extending through or above the roof of the building. Often used instead of chimney shaft.

Hard by a cottage chimney smokes.
Milton.

3.

A tube usually of glass, placed around a flame, as of a lamp, to create a draft, and promote combustion.

4. Min.

A body of ore, usually of elongated form, extending downward in a vein.

Raymond.

Chimney board, a board or screen used to close a fireplace; a fireboard. -- Chimney cap, a device to improve the draught of a chimney, by presenting an exit aperture always to leeward. -- Chimney corner, the space between the sides of the fireplace and the fire; hence, the fireside. -- Chimney hook, a hook for holding pats and kettles over a fire, -- Chimney money, hearth money, a duty formerly paid in England for each chimney. -- Chimney pot Arch., a cylinder of earthenware or sheet metal placed at the top of a chimney which rises above the roof. -- Chimney swallow. Zool. (a) An American swift (Chaeture pelasgica) which lives in chimneys. (b) In England, the common swallow (Hirundo rustica). -- Chimney sweep, Chimney sweeper, one who cleans chimneys of soot; esp. a boy who climbs the flue, and brushes off the soot.

 

© Webster 1913.

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