Ber"ga*mot (?), n. [F. bergamote, fr. It. bergamotta; prob. a corruption of Turk. beg armudi a lord's pear.]

1 . Bot. (a)

A tree of the Orange family (Citrus bergamia), having a roundish or pear-shaped fruit, from the rind of which an essential oil of delicious odor is extracted, much prized as a perfume. Also, the fruit. (b) A variety of mint (Mentha aquatica, &var;. glabrata).

2.

The essence or perfume made from the fruit.

3.

A variety of pear.

Johnson.

4.

A variety of snuff perfumed with bergamot.

The better hand . . . gives the nose its bergamot. Cowper
.

5.

A coarse tapestry, manufactured from flock of cotton or hemp, mixed with ox's or goat's hair; -- said to have been invented at Bergamo, Italy. Encyc. Brit.

Wild bergamot Bot., an American herb of the Mint family (Monarda fistulosa).

 

© Webster 1913.

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