Ben*zoin" (?), n. [Cf. F. benjoin, Sp. benjui, Pg. beijoin; all fr. Ar. luban-jawi incense form Sumatra (named Java in Arabic), the first syllable being lost. Cf. Benjamin.] [Called also benjamin.]


A resinous substance, dry and brittle, obtained from the Styrax benzoin, a tree of Sumatra, Java, etc., having a fragrant odor, and slightly aromatic taste. It is used in the preparation of benzoic acid, in medicine, and as a perfume.


A white crystalline substance, C14H12O2, obtained from benzoic aldehyde and some other sources.

3. Bot.

The spicebush (Lindera benzoin).

Flowers of benzoin, benzoic acid. See under Benzoic.


© Webster 1913.

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