Art Shell was a punishing offensive lineman for the Los Angeles Raiders
, now the Oakland Raiders
. During the end of his career Shell volunteered with the University of California
's football team in order to learn the ins and outs of coaching.
He retired in 1982, having represented the Raiders in eight Pro Bowl
s. In 1989 he was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame
; and that same year he was hired by Raiders owner Al Davis
to be the first-ever black head coach
in the NFL
Shell served as head coach of the Raiders until 1994, leading them to an AFC West
division title in 1990. Since his tenure with the Raiders he has served as an offensive line
coach with several teams; and his name is often mentioned when there's a coaching vacancy in the league.