The A section of Robert Cawdrey's 1604 dictionary A Table Alphabeticall.

 

Not content with a mere transcription, I have also translated Cawdrey's 400 year old English into modern E2 English, through a process involving the OED, much research and many educated guesses.

The main entries may appear in as many as five parts :
          Original {Corrected} [Repaired] (Modern) <E2>

Original is exactly as it appears in Cawdrey.
Corrected fixes what I believe to be a typo.
Repaired swaps I with J, and U with V, as necessary for current alphabetic usage.
Modern gives the modern American spelling.
E2 removes plurals and verb endings and such, so it links to an existing node.

Each operation is performed on its left-hand neighbor. The results are omitted if nothing changed. Only the rightmost word is hard-linked.

A leading (f) indicates French origin, a leading (g) indicates Greek origin.

If an entry is marked with clueless, then my search for a modern version of the word has come up empty.

Please msg me with any corrections or suggestions.

See Also Main Entry, Introduction, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I/J, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U/V

 

(f) ABandon
cast away, or yeelde vp, to leaue or forsake
Abash
blush
abba
father
(f) abbesse (abbess), abbatesse (abbatess)
Mistris of a Nunnerie, comforters of others
(f) abbettors (abettor)
counsellors
aberration
a going a stray, or wandering.
abbreuiat [abbreviat] (abbreviate), (f) abbridge (abridge)
to shorten, or make short
(f) abbut (abut)
to lie vnto, or border vpon, as one lands end meets with another
abecedarie (abecedarian)
the order of the Letters, or hee that vseth them
aberration
a going astray, or wandering
(f) abet
to maintaine
abdicate
put away, refuse, or forsake
abhorre (abhor)
hate, despise, or disdaine
abiect [abject]
base, cast away, in disdaine
abiure [abjure]
renounce, denie, forsweare
abolish, abolited (abolition)
make voyde, destroy, deface, or out of vse
(f) abortiue [abortive]
borne before the time
abricot (apricot)
a kind of kind of fruit
abrogate
take away, disanull, disallow
abruptly
vnorderly, without a preface
absolue [absolve]
finish, or acquite
absolute
perfect, or vpright
absolution
forgiuenes, discharge
abstract
drawne away from another: a litbooke or volume gathered out of a greater
absurd
foolish, irksome
academie (academy)
an Uniuersitie, as Cambridge, or Oxford
academicke (academic)
of the sect of wise and learned men
accent
tune, the rising or falling of the voice
accept
to take liking of, or to entertaine willingly
(f) acceptance
an agreeing to some former act done before
accesse (access)
free comming to, or a way to a place
accessarie (accessary)
partaker in the same thing
(f) accessorie (accessory)
an accident extraordinary
accident
a chance, or happening
accidentall (accidental)
falling by chance, not by nature
accomodate (accommodate)
to make fit too, or conuenient to the purpose
(f) accomplish
finish, or make an end of
accommodating
lending
(f) account
reckon
(f) accord
agreement betweene persons
accurate
curious, cunning, diligent
(f) accrew (accrue)
grow, increase, goe
(f) acertaine (ascertain)
make sure, certifie
acetositie (acetous)
sharpnes, or sowernesse
(f) acheeue [acheeve] (achieve)
to make an end of
(f) acquitall (acquittal)
discharge
acquisition
getting, purchasing
(f) action
the forme of a suite
actiue [active]
nimble, ready, quicke
actuall (actual)
in act, or shewing it selfe in deed
acute
sharp, wittie, quick
adage
an old speech, or prouerbe
adamantine
as hard as Diamont
addict
giuen too, appointed too
adhaerent (adherent)
cleauing to, or taking part with
(f) adiew (adieu)
farewell
(f) addresse (address)
prepare, or direct
adiacint [adjacint] (adjacent)
lying too, adioyning too
adiunct [adjunct]
an accidental qualitie, or any property, that is not a substance
(f) adiourne [adjourne] (adjourn)
deferre, or put off till another time
adiure [adjure]
make to sweare, or to deny
administer
gouerne, serue, or rule, or doe seruice vnto
administrator
one that doth busines for an other
admire
maruell at, or be in loue with
admiration
wonderment, reioycing
(f) admirall (admiral)
chiefe by sea, worthy
admission
receiuing, or leaue to enter into a place, accept
adopt
to take for his child, freely to choose
(f) adore
worship, or reuerence
adorne (adorn)
beautifie, apparrell, prepare
(f) aduaunce [advaunce] (advance)
preferre, lift vp to honor
aduent [advent]
the comming
aduerse [adverse]
contrary, or backward
(f) aduertise [advertise]
giue knowledge, aduise, or counsell
adulation
flatterie, or fauning
adulterate
to counterfeit, or corrupt
aduocate [advocate]
a spokesman, atturney, or man of law, plead
(f) aduousion [advousion] (advowson)
patronage, or power to present, or giue a liuing
adustion (adust)
burning, or rosting
affable
readie, and curteous in speech, gracious in words
(f) affaires (affaire)
busines
(f) affect
to desire earnestly, or to mind
affected
disposed, inclined
affinitie (affinity)
kinne by marriage
affirme (affirm)
auouch, acertaine
(f) affiance
trust
(f) affianced
betrothed
(f) affranchise
set at libertie
agent
doer, a steward, or commissioner
aggrauate [aggravate]
make more grieuous, and more heauie
agilitie (agility)
nimblenes, or quicknes
agglutinate
to ioyne together
agnition
knowledge, or acknowledging
agitate
driuen, stirred, tossed
(g) agonie (agony)
heauie passion, anguish, griefe
(f) aigre
sharpe, sower
akecorne (acorn)
a kind of fruit
alacritie (alacrity)
cheerefulnes, liuelines
alablaster (alabaster)
a kind of stone
alarum
a sound to the battell
alchimie (alchemy)
the art of turning other mettals into gold
(f) alien
a stranger
(f) alienate
to estrange, or with-drawe the mind, or to make a thing another mans
all haile all hail
salute
alledge (allege)
bring proofe
allegation
alledging
(g) allegorie (allegory)
similitude, a misticall speech, more then the bare letter
(f) allegiance
obedience of a subiect
allienate (alienate)
asswage, or make more easie and light
(f) alliance
kindred, or league
allusion
meaning and pointing to another matter then is spoken in words
allude
to speake one thing that hath resemblence and respect to another
aliment
nourishment, sustenance
(g) alpha
the first Greeke letter
(g) alphabet
order of letters in the crosserow
altercation
debate, wrangling, or contention
altitude
height
amaritude
bitternesse
ambage (ambages)
long circumstance of words
(f) ambassadour (ambassador)
messenger
ambition
desire of honour, or striuing for preferment
ambodexter (ambidextrous)
one that playeth on both hands
ambiguous
doubtfull, vncertaine
(f) ambushment
priuie traine, lying secretly to intrap by the way
(f) amerce, amercement
fine, or penalty
amiable
louely, or with a good grace
amitie (amity)
friendship, loue
amorous
full of loue, amiable
(f) amorte (amort)
dead, extinguished, without life
amplifie (amplify)
enlarge, or make bigger
(g) analogie (analogy)
conuenience, proportion
(g) analisis (analysis)
resolution, deuiding into parts
(g) anarchie (anarchy)
when the land is without a prince, or gouerner
(g) anatomie (anatomy)
cutting vp of the body
(g) anathema
accursed or giuen ouer to the deuill
anchoue [anchove] (anchovy)
a kind of fruite
(f) angle
corner
(f) anguish
griefe
angust
straight, narrow
animate
encourage
animaduersion [animadversion]
noting, considering, or marking
annalis (annals)
chronicles of things from yeare to yeare
annex
to knit or ioyne together
annihilate
make voyd, or bring to nothing
anniuersarie [anniversarie] (anniversary)
a yeares minde, or done and comming yearely
annuall (annual)
yearely
anthem
song
antecessor
an auncestour, or predecessour that goeth or liueth in the age or place before vs
(g) antichrist
against, or contrarie to Christ
anticipation
preuenting by a foreknowledge
(g) antidote
a counterpoise, or remedy against poyson.
(f) antidate (antedate)
a fore date
(g) antipathie (antipathy)
contrarietie of qualities
antiquitie (antiquity)
auncientnes
anticke (antic)
disguised
(g) antithesis
a repugnancie, or contrarietie
antiquarie (antiquary)
a man skilled, or a searcher of antiquities
annotations (annotation)
briefe doctrines or instructions
anxitie (anxiety)
care or sorrow
(g) aphorisme (aphorism)
generall rule in phisick
(g) apocalipse (apocalypse)
reuelation
(g) apocrypha
not of authoritie, a thing hidden, whose originall is not knowne
(g) apologie (apology)
defence, or excuse by speech
(g) apostotate (apostate)
a backslider
(g) apostacie (apostasy)
falling away, backslyding, rebellion
(g) apostle
an ambassadour, or one sent
(g) apothegme (apothegm)
short wittie sentence, or speech
apparant (apparent)
in sight, or open
appall
feare.
apparition
appearance, or strange sight
(f) appeach (impeach)
accuse, or bewray
(f) appeale (appeal)
to seeke to a higher Iudge
(f) appease
quiet, or pacifie
appendix
hanging, or belonging to another thing
appertinent (appurtenant), appurtenance
belonging vnto another thing
appetite
desire to any thing
applaude (applaud)
to shew a liking of, as it were by clapping of hands
application
applying too, or resorting to
appose
to aske questions, oppose
apposition
adding or setting too
apprehension
conceite, and vnderstanding
approbation
allowance, or liking
appropriate
to take, and keepe to, and for himselfe alone
approue [approve]
alowe, or make good
approch (approach)
come nigh
apt
fit
arbiter, arbitratour (arbitrator)
a Iudge in a controuersie betwixt men
(f) arbitrement (arbitrament)
iudgement, censure, award
(g) arch
chiefe.
(g) arch-angell (archangel)
chiefe angell
archbishop
chiefe bishop
architest (architect)
chiefe builder
ardent
hoate, earnest
ardencie (ardency)
heate, earnestnes
argent
siluer, coyne
argue
to reason
ariditie (aridity)
drinesse
(g) aristocratical (aristocratic)
gouernement of a kingdome by the peares and nobility
(g) arithmeticke (arithmetic)
art of numbring
arke (ark)
shippe or chest
(f) armorie (armory)
house of armour
(f) arrerages (arrearage)
debt vnpaid, or things left vndone and duties comming behind
arrest
stay, or lay hold of
arride
to please well, to content
(f) arriue [arrive], arriuall [arrivall] (arrival)
come to land, or approch
arrogate
to claime, or challenge
arrogant
proude, presumptuous
artifice
skill, subtiltie: or a cunning peece of worke
artificer
handicrafts-man
artificially
workmanlike, cunningly
articulate
ioynted, set together, or to point out, and distinguish
artichok (artichoke)
a kind of herbe
(f) artillery
engines or instruments for war
ascend
goe vp, or clime vp
ascent
a going vp
ascribe
giue to, adde to, attribute vnto
askey (askew), asquint
looking aside, or awry
(f) assay
proofe, or a triall
assent
agreement, or consent
assertaine (ascertain)
assure: certaine
assentation
flattery: speaking faire
aspect
looking vpon, beholding much, sight
aspectable
worthie, or easie to be seene
asperat (asperate)
rough, sharpe, or vnpleasant
asperation (aspiration)
breathing
aspire
climbe vp, or come to, or high
(f) assault, (f) assaile (assail)
to set vpon, or to proue
(f) assemble
gather together
assemblie (assembly)
companie
assent
consent
assertion
affirming, auouching of any thing
asseueration [asseveration]
earnest affirming
assiduitie (assiduity)
continuance, diligence
assigne (assign)
appoint, ordaine
assignation
appointment
assimulate (assimilate)
to make like, to compare with
assistance
helpe
association
ioyning together in fellowship.
associate
to accompanie, or follow
(f) assoyle (assoil)
excuse, cleare
astipulation (stipulation)
an auouching, or witnessing of a thing, an agreement
astrictiue [astrictive], astringent
binding, or ioyning together
(g) astronomie (astronomy), astrologie (astrology)
knowledge of the starres
(g) astrolabe
an instrument to know the motion of the starres
(g) atheist, atheall (atheistical)
without, God, or beleeuing that there is no God, or denying any of his attributes
(g) atheisme (atheism)
the opinion of the atheist
(f) attach
sease vpon, rest or hold
(f) attaint
conuict of crime
(f) attainder
a conuiction, or prouing guiltie of a crime or fault
(f) attempt
set vpon, or take in hand
attendance
watching, staying for, or wayting vpon
attentiue [attentive]
heedie, or marking
attenuate
to make thinner or weaker
attest
to witnesse, or call to witnesse
attrap (trap)
ensnare
attribute
giue to, or impute
auarice [avarice]
couetousnes, or inordinate desire of money
auburne (auburn)
a kind of colour
audience
hearing, or hearkening, or those that heare
audacious
bold, rash, or foolish hardie
auditor
hearer, or officer of accounts
audible
easie to be heard
auer [aver]
auouch, call to witnes, proue
auert [avert]
to turne from, or keepe away
augment
to encrease
auguration (augur)
guessing, or coniecturing at things to come
(f) avowable (allowable)
that which may be allowed and affirmed
(f) avouch
affirme with earnest, defend
auoke [avoke] (evoke)
to call from, or pull back
austere
sharpe, rough, cruell
(g) authenticall (authentic)
of authoritie, allowed by authoritie: the originall
autumne (autumn)
the haruest
(g) axiome (axiom)
a certaine principle, or general ground of any Art
ay
euer, at any time, for euer
azure
a kind of of colour.

 

See Also Main Entry, Introduction, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I/J, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U/V

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