Previous Chapter | Next Chapter

8:1 And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.
8:2 Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: they were judges in Beersheba.
8:3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.
8:4 Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Ramah, 8:5 And said unto him, Behold, thou art old, and thy sons walk not in thy ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.
8:6 But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed unto the LORD.
8:7 And the LORD said unto Samuel, Hearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected me, that I should not reign over them.
8:8 According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken me, and served other gods, so do they also unto thee.
8:9 Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and shew them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.
8:10 And Samuel told all the words of the LORD unto the people that asked of him a king.
8:11 And he said, This will be the manner of the king that shall reign over you: He will take your sons, and appoint them for himself, for his chariots, and to be his horsemen; and some shall run before his chariots.
8:12 And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots.
8:13 And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries, and to be cooks, and to be bakers.
8:14 And he will take your fields, and your vineyards, and your oliveyards, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.
8:15 And he will take the tenth of your seed, and of your vineyards, and give to his officers, and to his servants.
8:16 And he will take your menservants, and your maidservants, and your goodliest young men, and your asses, and put them to his work.
8:17 He will take the tenth of your sheep: and ye shall be his servants.
8:18 And ye shall cry out in that day because of your king which ye shall have chosen you; and the LORD will not hear you in that day.
8:19 Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us; 8:20 That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles.
8:21 And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he rehearsed them in the ears of the LORD.
8:22 And the LORD said to Samuel, Hearken unto their voice, and make them a king. And Samuel said unto the men of Israel, Go ye every man unto his city.

Previous Chapter | Next Chapter
Everything King James Bible:1 Samuel
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: 1 Samuel
Book: 1 Samuel
Chapter: 8

The evil government of Samuel's sons. (1-3) The Israelites ask
for a King. (4-9) The manner of a King. (10-22)

1-3 It does not appear that Samuel's sons were So profane and
vicious as Eli's sons; but they were corrupt Judges, they turned
aside after Lucre. Samuel took No bribes, but his sons did, and
then they perverted Judgment. What added to the grievance of the
people was, that they were threatened By an invasion from
Nahash, King of the Ammonites.

4-9 Samuel was displeased; he could patiently Bear what
reflected On himself, and his own family; but it displeased him
when they said, Give us a King to Judge us, because that
reflected upon God. It drove him to his knees. When any thing
disturbs us, it is our interest, as Well as our duty, to show
our trouble before God. Samuel is to tell them that they shall
have a King. Not that God was pleased with their request, but as
sometimes he opposes us from loving-kindness, So at other times
he gratifies us in wrath; he did So here. God knows how to bring
Glory to himself, and serves his own Wise purposes, even By
men's foolish counsels.

10-22 If they would have a King to rule them, as the eastern
Kings ruled their subjects, they would find the Yoke exceedingly
heavy. Those that submit to the government of the world and the
Flesh, are told plainly, what hard masters they are, and what
tyranny the dominion of Sin is. The Law of God and the manner of
men widely differ from each other; the former should be our rule
in the several relations of Life; the latter should be the
Measure of our expectations from others. These would be their
grievances, and, when they complained to God, he would not hear
them. When we bring ourselves into distress By our own wrong
desires and projects, we justly forfeit the comfort of Prayer,
and the benefit of Divine aid. The people were obstinate and
urgent in their demand. Sudden resolves and hasty desires make
work for long and leisurely Repentance. Our Wisdom is, to be
thankful for the advantages, and patient under the disadvantages
of the government we may live under; and to pray continually for
our rulers, that they may govern us in the fear of God, and that
we may live under them in all Godliness and honesty. And it is a
hopeful symptom when our desires of worldly objects can Brook
delay; and when we can refer the time and manner of their being
granted to God's Providence.

Log in or registerto write something here or to contact authors.