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25:1 And Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah. And David arose, and went down to the wilderness of Paran.
25:2 And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel.
25:3 Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb.
25:4 And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep.
25:5 And David sent out ten young men, and David said unto the young men, Get you up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him in my name: 25:6 And thus shall ye say to him that liveth in prosperity, Peace be both to thee, and peace be to thine house, and peace be unto all that thou hast.
25:7 And now I have heard that thou hast shearers: now thy shepherds which were with us, we hurt them not, neither was there ought missing unto them, all the while they were in Carmel.
25:8 Ask thy young men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore let the young men find favour in thine eyes: for we come in a good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants, and to thy son David.
25:9 And when David's young men came, they spake to Nabal according to all those words in the name of David, and ceased.
25:10 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who is David? and who is the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that break away every man from his master.
25:11 Shall I then take my bread, and my water, and my flesh that I have killed for my shearers, and give it unto men, whom I know not whence they be? 25:12 So David's young men turned their way, and went again, and came and told him all those sayings.
25:13 And David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man his sword. And they girded on every man his sword; and David also girded on his sword: and there went up after David about four hundred men; and two hundred abode by the stuff.
25:14 But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal's wife, saying, Behold, David sent messengers out of the wilderness to salute our master; and he railed on them.
25:15 But the men were very good unto us, and we were not hurt, neither missed we any thing, as long as we were conversant with them, when we were in the fields: 25:16 They were a wall unto us both by night and day, all the while we were with them keeping the sheep.
25:17 Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his household: for he is such a son of Belial, that a man cannot speak to him.
25:18 Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched corn, and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid them on asses.
25:19 And she said unto her servants, Go on before me; behold, I come after you. But she told not her husband Nabal.
25:20 And it was so, as she rode on the ass, that she came down by the covert on the hill, and, behold, David and his men came down against her; and she met them.
25:21 Now David had said, Surely in vain have I kept all that this fellow hath in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that pertained unto him: and he hath requited me evil for good.
25:22 So and more also do God unto the enemies of David, if I leave of all that pertain to him by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.
25:23 And when Abigail saw David, she hasted, and lighted off the ass, and fell before David on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, 25:24 And fell at his feet, and said, Upon me, my lord, upon me let this iniquity be: and let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak in thine audience, and hear the words of thine handmaid.
25:25 Let not my lord, I pray thee, regard this man of Belial, even Nabal: for as his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and folly is with him: but I thine handmaid saw not the young men of my lord, whom thou didst send.
25:26 Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, seeing the LORD hath withholden thee from coming to shed blood, and from avenging thyself with thine own hand, now let thine enemies, and they that seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal.
25:27 And now this blessing which thine handmaid hath brought unto my lord, let it even be given unto the young men that follow my lord.
25:28 I pray thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid: for the LORD will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord fighteth the battles of the LORD, and evil hath not been found in thee all thy days.
25:29 Yet a man is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy soul: but the soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with the LORD thy God; and the souls of thine enemies, them shall he sling out, as out of the middle of a sling.
25:30 And it shall come to pass, when the LORD shall have done to my lord according to all the good that he hath spoken concerning thee, and shall have appointed thee ruler over Israel; 25:31 That this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence of heart unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or that my lord hath avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt well with my lord, then remember thine handmaid.
25:32 And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, which sent thee this day to meet me: 25:33 And blessed be thy advice, and blessed be thou, which hast kept me this day from coming to shed blood, and from avenging myself with mine own hand.
25:34 For in very deed, as the LORD God of Israel liveth, which hath kept me back from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and come to meet me, surely there had not been left unto Nabal by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall.
25:35 So David received of her hand that which she had brought him, and said unto her, Go up in peace to thine house; see, I have hearkened to thy voice, and have accepted thy person.
25:36 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart was merry within him, for he was very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light.
25:37 But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him, and he became as a stone.
25:38 And it came to pass about ten days after, that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died.
25:39 And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife.
25:40 And when the servants of David were come to Abigail to Carmel, they spake unto her, saying, David sent us unto thee, to take thee to him to wife.
25:41 And she arose, and bowed herself on her face to the earth, and said, Behold, let thine handmaid be a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my lord.
25:42 And Abigail hasted, and arose and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife.
25:43 David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were also both of them his wives.
25:44 But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's wife, to Phalti the son of Laish, which was of Gallim.

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Everything King James Bible:1 Samuel
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: 1 Samuel
Book: 1 Samuel
Chapter: 25

Death of Samuel. (1) David's request; Nabal's churlish
refusal. (2-11) David's intention to destroy Nabal. (12-17)
Abigail takes a present to David. (18-31) He is pacified, Nabal
dies. (32-39) David takes Abigail to Wife. (39-44)

1 All Israel lamented Samuel, and they had reason. He prayed
daily for them. Those have hard hearts, who can bury Faithful
ministers without grief; who do not feel their loss of those who
have prayed for them, and taught them the way of the Lord.

2-11 We should not have heard of Nabal, if nothing had passed
between him and David. Observe his name, Nabal, "A fool;" So it
signifies. Riches make men look great in the Eye of the world;
but to one that takes right views, Nabal looked very mean. He
had No honour or honesty; he was churlish, Cross, and
ill-humoured; evil in his doings, hard and oppressive; a Man
that cared not what fraud and violence he used in getting and
saving. What little reason have we to value the wealth of this
world, when So great a Churl as Nabal abounds, and So good a Man
as David suffers want!, David pleaded the kindness Nabal's
shepherds had received. Considering that David's men were in
distress and Debt, and discontented, and the scarcity of
provisions, it was By good management that they were kept from
plundering. Nabal went into a Passion, as covetous men are apt
to do, when asked for any thing, thinking thus to cover one Sin
with another; and, By abusing the Poor, to excuse themselves
from relieving them. But God will not thus be mocked. Let this
help us to Bear reproaches and misrepresentations with patience
and cheerfulness, and make us easy under them; it has often been
the Lot of the excellent ones of the Earth. Nabal insists much
On the property he had in the provisions of his table. May he
not do what he will with his own? We mistake, if we think we are
absolute lords of what we have, and may do what we please with
it. No; we are but stewards, and must use it as we are directed,
remembering it is not our own, but His who intrusted us with it.

12-17 God is kind to the evil and unthankful, and why may not
we be So? David determined to destroy Nabal, and all that
belonged to him. Is this thy voice, O David? Has he been So long
in the school of affliction, where he should have learned
patience, and yet is So passionate? He at other times was calm
and considerate, but is Put into such a heat By a few hard
words, that he seeks to destroy a whole family. What are the
best of men, when God leaves them to themselves, that they may
know what is in their hearts? What need to pray, Lord, lead us
not into Temptation!

18-31 By a present Abigail atoned for Nabal's denial of David's
request. Her behaviour was very submissive. Yielding pacifies
great offences. She puts herself in the place of a penitent, and
of a petitioner. She could not excuse her Husband's conduct. She
depends not upon her own reasonings, but On God's Grace, to
soften David, and expects that Grace would work powerfully. She
says that it was below him to take vengeance On So weak and
despicable an enemy as Nabal, who, as he would do him No
kindness, So he could do him No hurt. She foretells the glorious
End of David's present troubles. God will preserve thy Life;
therefore it becomes not thee unjustly and unnecessarily to take
away the lives of any, especially of the people of thy God and
Saviour. Abigail keeps this argument for the last, as very
powerful with So good a Man; that the less he indulged his
Passion, the more he consulted his peace and the repose of his
own Conscience. Many have done that in a heat, which they have a
thousand times wished undone again. The sweetness of revenge is
soon turned into bitterness. When tempted to Sin, we should
consider how it will appear when we think upon it afterwards.

32-39 David gives God thanks for sending him this happy check
in a sinful way. Whoever meet us with counsel, direction,
comfort, caution, or seasonable reproof, we must see God sending
them. We ought to be very thankful for those happy providences
which are the means of keeping us from sinning. Most people
think it enough, if they take reproof patiently; but few will
take it thankfully, and commend those who give it, and accept it
as a favour. The nearer we are to committing Sin, the greater is
the Mercy of a seasonable restraint. Sinners are often most
secure when most in danger. He was very Drunk. A sign he was
Nabal, a fool, that could not use plenty without abusing it; who
could not be pleasant with his friends without making a Beast of
himself. There is not a surer sign that a Man has but little
Wisdom, nor a surer way to destroy the little he has, than
drinking to excess. Next morning, how he is changed! His Heart
overnight merry with Wine, next morning heavy as a Stone; So
deceitful are Carnal pleasures, So soon passes the laughter of
the fool; the End of that mirth is heaviness. Drunkards are sad,
when they reflect upon their own folly. About ten days after,
the Lord smote Nabal, that he died. David blessed God that he
had been kept from killing Nabal. Worldly sorrow, mortified
pride, and an affrighted Conscience, sometimes End the joys of
the sensualist, and separate the covetous Man from his wealth;
but, whatever the weapon, the Lord smites men with Death when it
pleases him.

39-44 Abigail believed that David would be King over Israel,
and greatly esteemed his pious and excellent character. She
deemed his proposal of Marriage honourable, and advantageous to
her, notwithstanding his present difficulties. With great
Humility, and doubtless agreeably to the customs of those times,
she consented, being willing to share his trails. Thus those who
join themselves to Christ, must be willing now to suffer with
him, believing that hereafter they shall reign with him.

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