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1:1 Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite: 1:2 And he had two wives; the name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah: and Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.
1:3 And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in Shiloh. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there.
1:4 And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions: 1:5 But unto Hannah he gave a worthy portion; for he loved Hannah: but the LORD had shut up her womb.
1:6 And her adversary also provoked her sore, for to make her fret, because the LORD had shut up her womb.
1:7 And as he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the LORD, so she provoked her; therefore she wept, and did not eat.
1:8 Then said Elkanah her husband to her, Hannah, why weepest thou? and why eatest thou not? and why is thy heart grieved? am not I better to thee than ten sons? 1:9 So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh, and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat upon a seat by a post of the temple of the LORD.
1:10 And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed unto the LORD, and wept sore.
1:11 And she vowed a vow, and said, O LORD of hosts, if thou wilt indeed look on the affliction of thine handmaid, and remember me, and not forget thine handmaid, but wilt give unto thine handmaid a man child, then I will give him unto the LORD all the days of his life, and there shall no razor come upon his head.
1:12 And it came to pass, as she continued praying before the LORD, that Eli marked her mouth.
1:13 Now Hannah, she spake in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard: therefore Eli thought she had been drunken.
1:14 And Eli said unto her, How long wilt thou be drunken? put away thy wine from thee.
1:15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD.
1:16 Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto.
1:17 Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace: and the God of Israel grant thee thy petition that thou hast asked of him.
1:18 And she said, Let thine handmaid find grace in thy sight. So the woman went her way, and did eat, and her countenance was no more sad.
1:19 And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the LORD, and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her.
1:20 Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the LORD.
1:21 And the man Elkanah, and all his house, went up to offer unto the LORD the yearly sacrifice, and his vow.
1:22 But Hannah went not up; for she said unto her husband, I will not go up until the child be weaned, and then I will bring him, that he may appear before the LORD, and there abide for ever.
1:23 And Elkanah her husband said unto her, Do what seemeth thee good; tarry until thou have weaned him; only the LORD establish his word. So the woman abode, and gave her son suck until she weaned him.
1:24 And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks, and one ephah of flour, and a bottle of wine, and brought him unto the house of the LORD in Shiloh: and the child was young.
1:25 And they slew a bullock, and brought the child to Eli.
1:26 And she said, Oh my lord, as thy soul liveth, my lord, I am the woman that stood by thee here, praying unto the LORD.
1:27 For this child I prayed; and the LORD hath given me my petition which I asked of him: 1:28 Therefore also I have lent him to the LORD; as long as he liveth he shall be lent to the LORD. And he worshipped the LORD there.

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Everything King James Bible:1 Samuel
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
back to: 1 Samuel
Book: 1 Samuel
Chapter: 1

Elkanah and his family. (1-8) Hannah's Prayer. (9-18) Samuel,
Hannah presents him to the Lord. (19-28)

1-8 Elkanah kept up his attendance at God's Altar,
notwithstanding the unhappy differences in his family. If the
devotions of a family prevail not to Put an End to its
divisions, yet let not the divisions Put a stop to the
devotions. To abate our just Love to any relation for the sake
of any infirmity which they cannot help, and which is their
affliction, is to make God's Providence quarrel with his
precept, and very unkindly to add affliction to the afflicted.
It is evidence of a base disposition, to delight in grieving
those who are of a sorrowful Spirit, and in putting those out of
humour who are apt to fret and be uneasy. We ought to Bear one
another's burdens, not add to them. Hannah could not Bear the
provocation. Those who are of a fretful Spirit, and are apt to
lay provocations too much to Heart, are enemies to themselves,
and strip themselves of many comforts both of Life and
Godliness. We ought to notice comforts, to keep us from grieving
for crosses. We should look at that which is for us, as Well as
what is against us.

9-18 Hannah mingled tears with her prayers; she considered the
Mercy of our God, who knows the troubled soul. God gives us
leave, in Prayer, not only to ask good things in general, but to
mention that special good thing we most need and desire. She
spoke softly, none could hear her. Hereby she testified her
belief of God's knowledge of the Heart and its desires. Eli was
high Priest, and Judge in Israel. It ill becomes us to be rash
and hasty in censures of others, and to think people guilty of
bad things while the matter is doubtful and unproved. Hannah did
not retort the charge, and upbraid Eli with the wicked conduct
of his own sons. When we are at any time unjustly censured, we
have need to set a double watch before the door of our lips,
that we do not return censure for censure. Hannah thought it
enough to clear herself, and So must we. Eli was willing to
acknowledge his mistake. Hannah went away with satisfaction of
mind. She had herself By Prayer committed her case to God, and
Eli had prayed for her. Prayer is Heart's ease to a gracious
soul. Prayer will smooth the countenance; it should do So. None
will long remain miserable, who use aright the privilege of
going to the Mercy-seat of a reconciled God in Christ Jesus.

19-28 Elkanah and his family had a Journey before them, and a
family of children to take with them, yet they would not move
till they had worshipped God together. Prayer and provender do
not hinder a Journey. When men are in such haste to set out upon
journeys, or to engage in business, that they have not time to
Worship God, they are likely to proceed without his presence and
blessing. Hannah, though she felt a warm regard for the courts
of God's House, begged to stay at home. God will have Mercy, and
not Sacrifice. Those who are detained from public ordinances, By
the nursing and tending of little children, may take comfort
from this instance, and believe, that if they do that duty in a
right Spirit, God will graciously accept them therein. Hannah
presented her Child to the Lord with a grateful acknowledgment
of his Goodness in answer to Prayer. Whatever we give to God, it
is what we have first asked and received from him. All our Gifts
to him were first his Gifts to us. The Child Samuel early showed
true Piety. Little children should be taught to Worship God when
very young. Their parents should teach them in it, bring them to
it, and Put them On doing it as Well as they can; God will
graciously accept them, and will teach them to do better.

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