The Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA
) represent the civil aviation departments of a group of European States who have collaborated to set common safety standards (the JAR
) in the areas of airworthiness, flight operations and aircrew licensing.
There are currently three types of pilot licences issued by the JAA:
JAA Private Pilot License
The Commercial Pilots Licence (CPL),
Holders of a CPL may act as PIC in single pilot aeroplanes (SPA) or as first officer (F/O)(co-pilot) in commercial multi crew aircraft if the holder has also passed the ATPL theoretical and has a type rating in the aircraft
The Airline Transport Pilots Licence (ATPl)
Allows the holder to exercise all the privileges of the holder of a PPL, CPl and I/R and also allows the holder to act as pilot in command PIC in commercial multi crew aircraft operations of the type of aircraft in which the licence is endorsed.